Bolivar returned in 1811 and found the country debating whether to declare independence. He spoke passionately in favour. After a vigorous national debate, the Venezuela national assembly declared independence on 5 July 1811. Bolivar was overjoyed and to mark the occasion, he freed all the slaves in his family and called for the end of slavery in the western Hemispher. Bolivar then joined the Venezuelan army, but by 1812, the Spanish had regained control and Bolivar escaped to Cartagena in New Grenada. Mechanic tools if you can use these we can be friends poster. In New Grenada, Bolivar wrote, “The Cartagena Manifesto” in which he called for renewed efforts for Venezuela to regain its independence from Spain.
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In 1813, he was given his first military command in leading revolutionary forces to liberate Venezuela from forces loyal to the Spanish king. He was successful in several battles and was able to enter Caracas as a ‘liberator’ on 6 August 1813. After taking control, he assumed the role of dictator. However, this first restoration of the republic was short-lived – many fellow citizens were nervous about the revolutionaries and preferred the stability of Spanish rule that they were used to. It led to a bitter civil war, where Spanish led forces succeeded in driving Bolivar out of Venezuela, and he fled to New Granada for a second time. In New Granada, he outlined more of his political thinking and sought to gain support from Great Britain who he admired for its political stability. He also spoke in terms of international solidarity and talked about the shared bonds of peoples who love freedom. But, concerned with problems near at home Great Britain (or the US) were unwilling to send any aid.