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Since the 16th century, after the Ottoman Islamic empire acquired Arab and Eastern Europe, especially after successful intercontinental expedition ships and discovered many new lands, commercial activities Europe shifted its focus from Italy and the Mediterranean to the countries on the Atlantic coast, the busiest with Spain, Portugal and then Britain, France, Netherlands and Belgium. It’s better to have your nose in a book than in someone else’s business poster. Ocean ships to the Americas and Asia brought in more and more gold and rare goods, sparking colonial conflicts on the continents, accompanied by fierce wars between major countries. right on continental Europe. These countries have a need to accumulate assets to serve the needs of domestic production, especially to promote the war industry, to earn financial resources to nurture the army, the bureaucracy and life. luxury of the dynasty. The mercantilism-style economic policies began to emerge in that context and lasted for more than two centuries until the second half of the 18th century.